Education in Emergencies: Evidence for Action 2020How can children in crisis-affected settings gain the reading, math, and social-emotional skills they need to thrive and succeed in school and life?
Global governance is the purposeful order that emerges from institutions, processes, norms, formal agreements, and informal mechanisms that regulate action for the common good. Global governance encompasses activities that transcend national boundaries at the international, transnational, and regional levels and is based on rights and rules that are enforced through a combination of economic and moral incentives. Mechanisms of global governance are composed of elements and methods from both the public and private sectors.
The Schooling Decision: Family Preferences, Intergenerational Conflict, and Moral Hazard in the Brazilian FavelasCan parental incentives impact school attendance?
Human Smuggling under Risk: Evidence from the Mediterranean
Authors (in alphabetical order): Kara Ross Camarena, Sarah Claudy, Austin L. Wright
Transnational Feminism and the Women's Rights Agenda in Afghanistan
Cohesive Institutions and Political Violence
Can institutionalized transfers of resource rents be a source of civil conflict? Are cohesive institutions better in managing distributive conflicts? We study these questions exploiting exogenous variation in revenue disbursements to local governments together with new data on local democratic institutions in Nigeria. We make three contributions. First, we document the existence of a strong link between rents and conflict far away from the location of the actual resource.
Chaining the Dog of War: Comparative DataHow can constitutional design reduce conflict?
Legitimacy in Criminal Governance: Managing a Drug Empire from Behind Bars
States, rebels, and mafias all provide governance beyond their core membership; increasingly, so do prison gangs. US gangs leverage control over prison life to govern street-level drug markets. Brazil’s Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC) gang goes further, orchestrating paralyzing attacks on urban targets, while imposing a social order throughout slums that sharply reduces homicides. We analyze hundreds of seized PCC documents detailing its drug business and internal disciplinary system.
Transnational Insurgents: Evidence from Colombia’s FARC at the Border with Chávez’s VenezuelaDoes access to foreign territory increase conflict?
Living in Peace: Accelerated Education in MaliAre Accelerated Education Programs good policy?
Central Banks at WarCan central banks aid war efforts?
On the Origins of the State: Stationary Bandits and Taxation in Eastern Congo
A positive demand shock for coltan, a mineral whose bulky output cannot be concealed, leads armed actors to create illicit customs and provide protection at coltan mines, where they settle as “stationary bandits.” A similar shock for gold, easy to conceal, leads to stationary bandits in the villages where income from gold is spent, where they introduce illicit mining visas, taxes, and administrations. Having a stationary bandit from a militia or the Congolese army increases welfare.
Rebel Capacity, Intelligence Gathering, and the Timing of Combat Operations
Authors: Konstantin Sonin, Jarnickae Wilson, and Austin L. Wright
Militias, Ideology, and the StateWhat factors shape relations between governments and militias?
“Aks” of War: A Digital Museum Inventory for a War-Torn AfghanistanHow can war-torn countries protect and preserve cultural treasures?
Televising Justice During War
Authors: Stephen Stapleton, Andres Uribe, Austin L. Wright