Jeannie Annan

Education in Emergencies: Evidence for Action 2020

How can children in crisis-affected settings gain the reading, math, and social-emotional skills they need to thrive and succeed in school and life?
Kennette Benedict

Global Governance

Global governance is the purposeful order that emerges from institutions, processes, norms, formal agreements, and informal mechanisms that regulate action for the common good. Global governance encompasses activities that transcend national boundaries at the international, transnational, and regional levels and is based on rights and rules that are enforced through a combination of economic and moral incentives. Mechanisms of global governance are composed of elements and methods from both the public and private sectors.

Leonardo Bursztyn, Lucas C. Coffman

The Schooling Decision: Family Preferences, Intergenerational Conflict, and Moral Hazard in the Brazilian Favelas

Can parental incentives impact school attendance?
Kara Ross Camarena, Sarah Claudy, Austin L. Wright

Human Smuggling under Risk: Evidence from the Mediterranean

Authors (in alphabetical order): Kara Ross Camarena, Sarah Claudy, Austin L. Wright

Maliha Chishti

Transnational Feminism and the Women's Rights Agenda in Afghanistan

Thiemo Fetzer, Stephan Kyburz

Cohesive Institutions and Political Violence

Can institutionalized transfers of resource rents be a source of civil conflict? Are cohesive institutions better in managing distributive conflicts? We study these questions exploiting exogenous variation in revenue disbursements to local governments together with new data on local democratic institutions in Nigeria. We make three contributions. First, we document the existence of a strong link between rents and conflict far away from the location of the actual resource.

Tom Ginsburg

Chaining the Dog of War: Comparative Data

How can constitutional design reduce conflict?
Benjamin Lessing

Legitimacy in Criminal Governance: Managing a Drug Empire from Behind Bars

States, rebels, and mafias all provide governance beyond their core membership; increasingly, so do prison gangs. US gangs leverage control over prison life to govern street-level drug markets. Brazil’s Primeiro Comando da Capital (PCC) gang goes further, orchestrating paralyzing attacks on urban targets, while imposing a social order throughout slums that sharply reduces homicides. We analyze hundreds of seized PCC documents detailing its drug business and internal disciplinary system.

Luis Martinez

Transnational Insurgents: Evidence from Colombia’s FARC at the Border with Chávez’s Venezuela

Does access to foreign territory increase conflict?
Alicia S. Menendez, A. Ramesh, P. Baxter, and L. North

Living in Peace: Accelerated Education in Mali

Are Accelerated Education Programs good policy?
Paul Poast

Central Banks at War

Can central banks aid war efforts?
Raúl Sánchez de la Sierra

On the Origins of the State: Stationary Bandits and Taxation in Eastern Congo

A positive demand shock for coltan, a mineral whose bulky output cannot be concealed, leads armed actors to create illicit customs and provide protection at coltan mines, where they settle as “stationary bandits.” A similar shock for gold, easy to conceal, leads to stationary bandits in the villages where income from gold is spent, where they introduce illicit mining visas, taxes, and administrations. Having a stationary bandit from a militia or the Congolese army increases welfare.

Konstantin Sonin

Rebel Capacity, Intelligence Gathering, and the Timing of Combat Operations

Authors: Konstantin Sonin, Jarnickae Wilson, and Austin L. Wright

Paul Staniland

Militias, Ideology, and the State

What factors shape relations between governments and militias?
Gil Stein, M. Fisher

“Aks” of War: A Digital Museum Inventory for a War-Torn Afghanistan

How can war-torn countries protect and preserve cultural treasures?
Austin L. Wright

Televising Justice During War

Authors: Stephen Stapleton, Andres Uribe, Austin L. Wright

Malakal, Sudan

A classroom of a school in Malakal.

Raul Touzon/Getty Images